Arsip Perang Belanda

Sebuah situs arsip Belanda dibuka untuk para peneliti, yang menarik situs tersebut juga berkaitan langsung dengan sejarah Indonesia. Arsip Belanda itu terdiri atas delapan puluh meter bahan arsip milik Nederlands Instituut voor Oorlogsdocumentatie (NIOD, Institut dokumentasi perang Belanda). Arsip tersebut dapat diakses melalui www.niod.nl dan akan dipresentasikan pada tanggal 22 Januari di Amsterdam. Situs ini tidak hanya dalam bahasa Belanda, tetapi juga bahasa Inggris.

Dalam arsip di situs tersebut terdapat lukisan, koran Indonesia, dokumentasi pemerintah Belanda, buku harian dan catatan perkara. Isi situs ini merupakan dokumentasi Belanda periode 9 Maret 1942 (kapitulasi KNIL/Belanda kepada Jepang), ketika tentara Jepang menguasai Indonesia sampai 15 Agustus 1945 (kapitulasi Jepang kepada tentara Sekutu).

Beberapa bulan setelah kapitulasi Jepang, foto-foto baru dibuat di kamp-kamp pengasingan Jepang. Dari periode 1942 sampai bulan Agustus 1945 dokumentasi di pengasingan hanya berupa lukisan saja.

Kadang-kadang lukisan itu dibuat oleh seniman yang ditahan di kamp, tetapi kebanyakan dari lukisan-lukisan itu dibuat oleh pelukis amatir. Situs arsip ini memiliki 4.954 gambar. Kira-kira 4.000 eksemplar asli berada di arsip museum Museon di Den Haag dan kira-kira seribu eksemplar lainnya disimpan di NIOD di Amsterdam.

Yang paling menarik untuk para peneliti Indonesia adalah koleksi koran dan majalah Indonesia dari periode tahun tersebut. Dalam situs ini terdapat 101 publikasi koran. Pengunjung situs dapat membuka semua halaman-halaman koran dan kemudian memilih artikel yang dapat dibaca dengan baik. Koleksi koran Indonesia ini memiliki aneka publikasi. Di antaranya adalah Asia Raya, Bali Sinbun, Berdjoeang, Revolusioner, Sin Po, Sinar Matahari (Ambon), Soeara Pesindo dan Warta Surabaja-syuu.

Sebuah website yang patut dijadikan referensi bagi penggemar sejarah, terutama sejarah kemerdekaan Indonesia dan Perang Dunia II di kawasan Asia Pasifik. (ant/brs/zul)

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32 thoughts on “Arsip Perang Belanda

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